What is curl?
curl is a program that is included in your Mac OSX distribution used for transferring data from or to a server. It uses many supported protocols (HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, SMTP and more).
Do you have curl?
Find the location of the
curl program (executable) with
$ which curl. This will return
/usr/bin/curl if you’re on Mac.
How do I use curl?
A simple http GET request can be made like this:
$ curl google.com
How to deal with 301 redirect
Notice that you get a 301 message that is address has been “moved”. You can add the flag
-L, --location (choose either) to “follow” redirects
$ curl -L google.com
$ curl --location google.com
How do I use curl to get the weather?
There is a service called
wttr that is set up to return weather reports when you curl their service. This time we will use http for added security.
For a full local weather report:
$ curl https://wttr.in
Should I use http?
For todays weather report:
$ curl https://wttr.in?0
You can also specify a city or ski resort.
For todays weather report for New York:
Check if its snowy in your favorite ski resort – Charlotte Pass, Snowy Monaro, NSW, Australia
* Notice that
wttr is returning special terminal characters to change the color. You can save these to examine this in your text editor.
Congrats! You got the weather!
Note that you can curl any web service, even ones you build yourself.
Want to build your own weather service? We’ll do that next in the Part II of this series.
Can I curl my own websites?
Yes! If you followed our github pages tutorial you’ll find you can
curl your own website AND YOUR STATIC FILES
$ curl -L theptrk.github.io <- website
$ curl -L theptrk.github.io/api/message.txt <- static txt file
*Update – this post got onto the hackernews front page and since then the API for wttr.in has been down. **Update, the API is back up!